Two people were killed by Legionnaires’ Disease, and a third person was sickened, after spending time at a spa in Richmond, CA.

On Thursday, August 3 and Friday, August 4, these two individuals died according to SF Gate. Contra Costs health officials then launched an investigation into what happened on Saturday, August 5. Details are still coming out over exactly what happened.

According to most reports, the victims had used a jacuzzi tub at the Zen Day Spa in Richmond before falling ill. The spa might have been operating the jacuzzi illegally, although that is under investigation as well. The Contra Costa County Health Department found no records indicating the business was ever issued a permit for a spa or pool. The department closed the Zen Day Spa after the deaths were reported.

The health department also took samples of water to test for Legionella bacteria, which causes the illness. Results are expected back within the week.

“This is a frightening situation where people who wanted nothing more than to relax are now dead or gravely ill,” said personal injury attorney Gerald Singleton. “And all of this occurred because a business did not get the proper records or handle their equipment properly.”

If you or someone you know has suffered any type of spa injury or illness, contact the Richmond personal injury attorneys at Singleton Schreiber by calling 415-635-0533 or emailing


Legionnaires’ Disease severe form of pneumonia, Legionnaires’ Disease is caused by the Legionella bacteria. It doesn’t spread from person-to-person but through inhaling mist from water that contains the bacteria – commonly from air conditioning systems, showers, and cooling towers. Symptoms resemble other forms of pneumonia and include cough, fever, chills, and muscle aches. It’s particularly risky for older adults, smokers, and those with compromised immune systems. While most cases can be treated with antibiotics, early detection is crucial. Preventive measures involve regular maintenance and disinfection of water systems where the bacteria thrive.

There have been other cases of people falling ill from infections, including 141 people who were sicked, 4 of whom died, after visiting a state far in North Carolina. Hot tubs had been on display there and not properly cleaned, and after testing they came back positive for Legionella pneumophila. Many of those who became sick had simply walked by the hot tub displays.

Day spas offer an array of services designed to relax, rejuvenate, and enhance beauty. However, without strict adherence to cleanliness and hygienic practices, they can become breeding grounds for infections. Warm, moist environments found in spas can facilitate the growth of bacteria, fungi, and viruses if not properly sanitized. Clients may be exposed to skin infections, fungal infections like athlete’s foot, or even more serious conditions such as staph infections or Legionnaires’ disease.

Cleanliness is, therefore, paramount. All equipment, from towels to footbaths, should be regularly cleaned and disinfected. Single-use items like razors or wax applicators must never be reused. Therapists should adhere to hand hygiene protocols, and treatment rooms should be well-ventilated and cleaned between clients. Water systems, often used in treatments or amenities like jacuzzis, require regular maintenance to prevent bacterial growth.

Clients should be vigilant too. Observing the overall cleanliness of the facility, asking about their sanitation practices, or checking for licenses and regular health inspections can offer peace of mind. After all, spa visits should be about relaxation and self-care, not potential health risks.

“This is a mind-blowing wrongful death case in many ways,” Mr. Singleton added. “These people probably enjoyed their hot tub, felt fine immediately afterwards and took a day or two before feeling any symptoms. However, now their loved ones’ lives are forever altered, and one other person is still battling this disease. I hope they find a qualified injury attorney who can help them sort this situation out.”

If you or someone you know has suffered any type of spa injury or illness, contact the Richmond personal injury attorneys at Singleton Schreiber by calling 415-635-0533 or emailing