Limited-scope representation in California is the topic of this article.   Limited-scope representation in California is also known as “unbundling”, “unbundled legal services”, or “discrete task representation.

The term limited-scope representation refers to a situation where you and an attorney agree that they will handle some parts of your case and you will handle the other parts.

This is very different from the more traditional arrangements between attorneys and their clients where an attorney is retained to provide legal services on each and every aspect of a case from start to finish.


You can just consult an attorney and get legal information and advice about your situation when you need it.

You can hire the attorney lawyer to represent you only for certain issues in your case (like representing you at a hearing) while you do the rest yourself.

You can hire the attorney to prepare the legal documents but file them yourself and represent yourself in court.

You can hire the attorney to coach you on how best to represent yourself in court as well as help you prepare the evidence that you will be presenting in court.

You can hire the attorney to assist you with the more complicated parts of your case, such as discovery and legal research while you do the easier tasks yourself.

When you cannot afford to pay for an attorney to handle your entire case, limited-scope representation can be an excellent way for you to have legal help with your case while keeping costs down.

And the Courts in the State of California approve of limited-scope representation because they want to encourage people to get as much legal assistance as they need to protect their rights.

The Courts favor limited-scope representation because they know that you will do a much better job of following proper court procedures and presenting the important information in court if you have the help of an attorney during the more complicated parts of a case.


The benefits of using limited scope representation include but are not limited to:

  • You can save money on legal fees because you are only paying an attorney to do those parts of your case that you cannot do yourself.
  • The attorney can use his or her time more efficiently by focusing their attention on the tasks that you cannot effectively do yourself while leaving other more time-consuming tasks to you.
  • You can keep greater control of your case than if the attorney handles the entire case.
  • You may be able to recover some or all of the fees that you paid to the attorney in certain situations such as a contract dispute where the prevailing party is entitled to be awarded their attorney’s fees.

Before deciding whether or not to hire an attorney using a limited-scope arrangement it is a good idea to:

Discuss your case with an attorney in detail, including areas that you want to handle yourself.  If you do not discuss the entire case with the attorney, even the parts that you think are simple and want to handle yourself, you will not know if you have overlooked something that is legally important.

Once you have had this discussion with the attorney, you and the attorney can agree on whether a limited-scope arrangement will work for you and your case and you can be comfortable that you have identified any hidden complications.

Decide if you are willing to take on full responsibility for those parts of the case you will handle on your own.  Remember that the attorney went to law school and probably has years of experience in this area.   That means that he or she will know things you do not about the legal process.

If you instruct your attorney not to take certain steps, either to save money or because you want to remain in control, you will have the full responsibility for the outcome in the parts of the case you do yourself, even with an attorney coaching you.


But, there are many situations when limited-scope representation may not be a good idea, such as situations where your case has a lot of technical issues such as

  • Malpractice cases.
  • Construction defect cases.
  • Cases involving conflicting claims to real estate.
  • Employment discrimination or wrongful termination cases.
  • Cases where you do not have enough time to spend educating yourself and effectively performing many of the tasks that you need to do.
  • Cases where there is a lot at stake such as a case where if you lose, you could lose your home, or owe a lot of money.


In certain situations, limited-scope representation is a better alternative than representing yourself:

  • Having an attorney helping you with parts of your case can save you a lot of time and energy because the attorney can educate you about the process and your specific issues.  He or she can also help you find self-help books and other resources so you can handle the parts of the case when you are on your own.
  • An attorney, by being more removed from your case than you are, can see things about your case that you cannot.  An attorney can help you focus on the legal issues and on what the court can do for you, and not let yourself be distracted by other issues and emotions.
  • An attorney can identify potential problems or hidden complications early on, so you can avoid making a costly mistake.

You and the attorney should have an in-depth discussion about all the aspects of your case, and agree on your respective responsibilities and certain important issues such as:

  • Who will decide on the strategy for your case?
  • Who will gather what information?
  • Who will prepare the information for the court?
  • Who will draft documents for the court?
  • Who will appear at court proceedings and settlement conferences?
  • Who will negotiate with the other side?

In making decisions about these issues, remember that the attorney has the education and experience to work on the more technical parts of your case, guide you throughout the court process, and spot important legal issues that you may not see on your own.

You and the limited-scope attorney will be working as a team on your case however it is still your case.  If you and the attorney cannot agree on who should take on which parts of the case, or on specific decisions that need to be made in your case, you should listen to what the attorney says.   If the attorney feels strongly that the course you want to take is not in your best interests, listen carefully to the reasons why he or she is recommending you do something differently.

But, in the end, it is your case, your decision and your responsibility.  You have the right to disregard the attorney’s advice, but if the case does not turn out the way you hoped, you have to be willing to accept the responsibility for your decision.

Thank you for reading. I hope I could have been educational as I endeavor to provide my knowledge as a free public service. Please note that all the materials and information on this web site are general analyses made available for the public’s general informational purposes only. These analyses are not in any way intended to serve as specific legal advice to be applied in your particular situation. Although I am an attorney, absent a signed retention and engagement letter, I am not your attorney. There are no exceptions to this rule. Moreover, you shall not rely on the information I am providing you, as it is only for your general knowledge and educational purposes, since this information would likely change based on any additional facts. Thus the transmission and receipt of information on this web site by anyone does not form or constitute an attorney-client relationship. My knowledge of laws is limited to California. Anyone receiving any information on this web site should not act upon the information provided without first obtaining the services of professional legal counsel licensed in their respective jurisdiction. Best of luck.

Law Offices of Nathan Mubasher
2621 Green River Rd, Ste 105 PMB 403
Corona, CA 92882
tel 1-800-691-2721 | fax 1-310-356-3660